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Title: Learning to see hate crimes : a framework for understanding and clarifying ambiguities in bias crime classification
Authors: Nolan, James J., III 
McDevitt, Jack 
Cronin, Shea 
Farrell, Amy 
Subject Keywords: hate crime ; data collection ; law enforcement
Key Issues: Hate crime
Issue Date: Mar-2004
Publisher: Routledge
Publication Country: United States 
Publication Place : New York, NY
Material Type: tools and guides
Language: English
Host item: Criminal Justice Studies 
Host item vol. 17, no. 1, p. 91-105
Country: United States 
Country Coverage: United States 
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Abstract: Recent empirical research has identified ambiguity in bias crime reporting as a source of confusion and frustration in law enforcement agencies and as a source of error in the national hate crime statistics. The authors develop a framework for understanding and clarifying these ambiguities based on John Dewey's conception of intension and extension and their own application of mathematical set theory to the issue. The authors discuss the implications of their model for helping law enforcement officials see bias crimes for varied purposes, including prevention, statistical reporting, and criminal prosecution.
Physical Description: 15 p.
ISSN: 1478-601X
Appears in Collections:Documents
Materials on hate crime

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