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Title: Fanning the Flames of Hate: Social Media and Hate Crime
Authors: Müller, Karsten 
Schwarz, Carlo 
Corporate Contributor: Princeton University 
Bocconi University: Department of Economics 
Subject Keywords: hate crime ; minority rights ; internet ; cyber hate ; nationalism
See Also: media ; neo-Nazism ; perpetrators ; hate groups
Key Issues: Hate crime ; Hate on the Internet
Issue Date: 5-Jun-2020
Material Type: thematic report
Format: article
Language: English
Host item: SSRN Electronic Journal 
Host item 3082972
Country Coverage: Germany 
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Abstract: "This paper investigates the link between social media and hate crime. We show that anti-refugee sentiment on Facebook predicts crimes against refugees in otherwise similar municipalities with higher social media usage. To establish causality, we exploit exogenous variation in major Facebook and internet outages, which fully undo the correlation between social media and hate crime. We further nd that the e ect decreases with distracting news events; increases with user network interactions; and does not hold for posts unrelated to refugees. Our results suggest that social media can act as a propagation mechanism between online messages and violent crime."
Internal Notes: "On causality between online hate speech and real-life violent crime". - as refered in "The role of algorithmic amplification in promoting violent and extremist content and its dissemination on platforms and social media" by the Council of the European Union []
Notes List Display: OSCE ODIHR does not hold copyright to this material. Its full-text version is available in various open-access journals. Adequate source is provided.
Physical Description: 85 p.
DOI: jsp.display-strategy.dc.identifier.doi.doi
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Materials on hate crime

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