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Title: Identifying and understanding barriers to investigation of gender-based hate crimes : Perspectives from law enforcement in Ireland and the United Kingdom
Authors: Gagliardi, Silvia 
Valverde-Cano, Ana 
Rice, Orlaith 
Subject Keywords: gender ; hate crime
See Also: criminal law ; law enforcement
Key Issues: Hate crime
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2022
Publisher: SAGE
Material Type: research
Format: article
Language: English
Host item: Criminology & Criminal Justice 
Host item 1
Country Coverage: United Kingdom 
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Abstract: "This article is an exploratory study presenting empirically based analyses of gender-based hate crime policy and practice from the perspectives of law enforcement officials in Ireland and England and Wales, in the United Kingdom. Despite increasing awareness of victims of gender-based hate crimes, robust legislation and successful investigation and prosecution of these offences remain rare. By developing a critical, evidence-based understanding of the factors impeding effective investigation of gender-based hate crimes, this research provides an early foundation for a more rigorous, survivor-centred approach. This article examines and problematises concepts and norms relating to gender-based hate crimes in law and policy. It analyses the significance of gender in hate crime legislation and examines the relationship between gender-based violence and gender-based hate crimes. Drawing on two case studies, this article suggests ways to refine and redirect law enforcement efforts to improve the quality of outcomes in criminal cases and the quality of survivors’ experiences."
Notes: Article published in open access on the CC-BY 4.0 license (
Physical Description: 17 p.
Appears in Collections:Documents
Materials on hate crime

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