Sweden
            
Practices and initiatives undertaken to combat hate crimes - submitted for the ODIHR's annual Hate Crime Report
26 items: Country is "Sweden" and Year contains *
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Hate crime project in Stockholm/Hate Crime Emergency Centre

Country: Sweden
Category: Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Training for criminal justice system ; Victim support ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives ; Other

Initiator: Stockholm County Police
Level of implementation: Local

Period: 1 June 2007 – 8 December 2008

Summary: Goals of the project: Increase the propensity to report and personal clearing up of hate crimes; Develop competence within the authority to discover hate crimes; Increase the trust in the police among immigrants and within the LGBT movement.

The project has been run in the form of a hate crime emergency centre. An appointed coordinator has been ..... responsible for training initiatives internally and externally, and for collaboration groups.

See:
"Rapport citypolisens hatbrottsprojekt" ("Report of City Policy Hate Crime Project")
"Projektkontakt hatbrottsprojektet" ("Project Contacts for Hate Crime Project")


Impact:
- All hate crime investigation gathered in one place – legally secure and effective
- 12.4% personally cleared up crimes compared to 9% in rest of the country
- Propensity to report has increased
- Increased trust among the general public
- Other public authorities refer to the operation of the hate crime emergency centre = increased ..... trust in the work of the police
- Increased collaboration between different actors relating to hate crime
- Competence for discovering hate crime has increased (serial criminality)
- Changed attitude among staff

See:
"En utvärdering av hatbrottsprojektet i Stockholm city polismästardistrikt" ("An Evaluation of the Hate Crime Project in the Stockholm City Chief Commissioner District").



Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

A strategy for police work with issues linked to racism, xenophobia and homophobic crime

Country: Sweden

Initiator: National Police Board
Level of implementation: National

Period: 1999-2000

Summary: As a stage in the fight against crime with racist, xenophobic or homophobic features, the National Police Board shall draw up a strategy to ensure that staff have good knowledge about the grounds for these crimes and about the situation of the groups exposed to them. Some key areas are identified where efforts are required in order to achieve an effective ..... result.

Examples of such key areas are:
- Commitment from the leadership
- Clear responsibility for the strategy
- Recruitment of staff
- Basic training
- Further training
- Better utilization of knowledge and experience already existing among current staff

See: "Strategi för Polisens arbete med frågor som har anknytning till rasism, främlingsfientlighet och homofobiska brott" ("A strategy for police work with issues linked to racism, xenophobia and homophobic crime")



Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Series of lectures and theme days - "Victims of crimes with xenophobic motives" and "Prejudice and phobias"

Country: Sweden
Category: Training for criminal justice system ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Brottsoffermyndigheten (The Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority)
Level of implementation: Local ; Regional ; National

Period: May 2009 -

Summary: In close liaison with the running of the project "Victims of hate crimes - what has been done and what can be improved?" (see above), the Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority has provided education within the area where hate crime was one of the subjects dealt with. These efforts were carried out in the form of half-day lectures and three ..... theme days which were arranged in Malmö, Umeå and Gothenburg. The lecture series and theme days were aimed at professionals and university students within the police and others within the judiciary system, the social services, the health care services, the schools and preschools, those working within non-profit organisations along with journalists and politicians. The lecturers who participated consisted mainly of researchers and representatives from authorities. The lecturers spoke on subjects such as discrimination from the perspective of the victims - experiences from DO (Discrimination Ombudsman - Ombudsman against Ethnic Discrimination), the judiciary system's meeting with the LGBT group as victims and the judiciary system's work with racist crimes.

Brottsoffermyndigheten will continue its efforts to educate people with hate crimes as the theme. During the autumn 2009, lectures on hate crimes will be held in Gothenburg for example.

Under the following links, you can find programmes relating to a lecture series and three theme days arranged by the Swedish National Crime Prevention Authority about hate crime, among other subjects:

http://www.brottsoffermyndigheten.se/Sidor/EPT/Kalendarium/PDF/Malmo%20serie%20varen%202006.pdf

http://www.brottsoffermyndigheten.se/Sidor/EPT/Kalendarium/PDF/Umea%20Fordomar%20och%20fobier%2013%20okt%202006.pdf

http://www.brottsoffermyndigheten.se/Sidor/EPT/Kalendarium/PDF/Program%20F%C3%B6rdomar%20o%20Fobier%20Gbg.pdf

http://www.brottsoffermyndigheten.se/Sidor/EPT/Kalendarium/PDF/Malm%C3%B6%20F%C3%B6rdomar%20och%20fobier%202%20okt%202007.pdf


Impact: The purpose of the educations was to heighten the awareness of, among other things, hate crime and inspire people to carry on more intensive discussions, to produce stronger counter forces and increased professionalism in the places were events are organised and in the long run throughout the whole of Sweden.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Annual hate crime seminar

Country: Sweden
Category: Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Training for criminal justice system

Initiator: Värmland County Police
Level of implementation: Local

Period: Annually

Summary: Joint seminars/lectures with the Prosecution Authority, District Court, Corrective Treatment Service (and Värmland County Police).

Impact: Joint view, joint platform, unified attitude towards the general public, development of collaboration.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Stockholm Pride

Country: Sweden
Category: Other ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors

Initiator: Skåne County Police
Level of implementation: National

Period: Five days [2008]

Summary: The authority participated with representatives at the Pride Festival in Stockholm.

Impact: Gathering information and ideas for the authority’s local hate crime work


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Project within the European Social Fund, survey of all staff within the Skåne County Police

Country: Sweden
Category: Other ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Victim support ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Level of implementation: Local

Period: Around 4 months [2008]

Summary: The authority carried out a survey to investigate the level of knowledge concerning hate crime among police staff. The project is financed by money from the European Social Fund, and will result in a further application for funds to carry out training concerning hate crime, honour violence and violence within close relationships, for all police staff.

Impact: Through directed initiatives aimed at police in external service and investigators, improved investigation and proceedings of this type of cases is expected.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Participation in the Rainbow Festival in Malmö (3 days)

Country: Sweden
Category: Other ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Victim support ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Skåne County Police
Level of implementation: Regional

Period: 3 days [2008]

Summary: At the Rainbow Festival, the authorities participated with a workshop at which we told about the police’s work with hate crime. The title was "Våga fråga" ("Dare to Ask"). The audience had the opportunity to ask questions, and lively discussion arose. The aim was to inform the general public about the work carried out by the authority in relation ..... to hate crime and the difficulties that exist in discovering LGBT-related hate crime.

The authority also participated on the opening and closing days with information tables with varied material. The Hate Crime Manager and the Diversity and Equality Manager, as well as uniformed officers participated and told about the police’s work in relation to hate crime, and also answered questions from the public.


Impact: By informing the LGBT group about the difficulties experienced by the police in discovering LGBT-related hate crime, the authority hopes that the group gets increased knowledge and can discuss the issue among themselves, and become better at notifying the police of the motive in any reports.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Hate crime lecture from Anneli Svensson

Country: Sweden
Category: Other ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Victim support

Initiator: Skåne County Police
Level of implementation: Regional

Period: 27 October 2008

Summary: On 27 October 2008, Anneli Svensson visited the authority and trained police employees about hate crime. The project was financed by funds from the Crime Victim Fund.

Impact: Increase knowledge and understanding of hate crime and thus discover more hate crimes.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Is hate crime a "soft issue"?

Country: Sweden
Category: Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Training for criminal justice system ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Skåne County Police
Level of implementation: Regional

Period: 24 October 2007

Summary: On 24 October 2007, the Skåne County Police, at the initiative of County Chief Commissioner Eva Årestad Radner, arranged a hate crime conference for internal and external participants, with lecturers such as Eva Tiby, Anneli Svensson, Elisabeth Ohlson Wallin and others.

Impact: The conference was much appreciated and got high marks in the subsequent evaluation. The aim of the conference was to increase understanding and knowledge about hate crime. Facts and statistics were combined with the sensitive images of the artist Elisabeth Ohlson Wallin, which produced a very successful effect.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Government grants for voluntary organizations or foundations that want to carry out operations which counteract racism or similar forms of intolerance.

Country: Sweden
Category: Other

Initiator: Ungdomsstyrelsen (National Board for Youth Affairs)
Level of implementation: Local ; National ; Regional

Period: Ongoing

Summary: The purpose of the government grant is to support operations that prevent and counteract racism and similar forms of intolerance, such as for example: Islamophobia, Afrophobia, anti-Semitism, antigypsyism and homophobia.

The National Board for Youth Affairs allocated a total of SEK 9 292 000 throughout 2008. Non-profit associations and foundations, ..... which are not owned or run by the state, the municipalities or profit-making organisations can apply. Support cannot be given to individuals, a municipality, companies or government organisations.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

SKMA blog

Country: Sweden
Category: Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives ; Addressing incitement of hatred on the internet

Initiator: Swedish Committee Against Antisemitism (SKMA)
Level of implementation: National

Period: Ongoing

Summary: The establishment of a blog where SKMA meets and informs people about anti-Semitic manifestations

Impact: Spread information, counteract anti-Semitism, create an open debate, reach new groups


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Project group against hate crime

Country: Sweden
Category: Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Training for criminal justice system

Initiator: Östergötland County Police
Level of implementation: Local

Period: Spring 2007 – February 2008

Summary: Development of a card of measures for handling and discovering hate crime. Every police officer is to be issued with one.

See: "Åtgärdskort – hatbrott" ("Card of Measures – Hate Crime")

Impact: This is probably a good ready-reckoner and alarm clock.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Afro-Swedes

Country: Sweden
Category: Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Equality Ombudsman (DO)
Level of implementation: Local ; National ; Regional

Summary: Afro-Swedes experience racism and discrimination on a daily basis. There is still a notable lack of knowledge and insight in Sweden about the situation of the group. Afro-Swedes encounter discrimination and marginalization in Swedish society due to their skin colour and their African origin. The special circumstances of the group encompass then whole ..... scale, with everything from ethnic and religious discrimination to racist violence. They experience an unfair position in several areas of society. The collaboration over several years between DO and the group is based on the strategy of mutual knowledge development, where the basic idea is that the group itself is the key to positive change processes. The works aim to develop, in the longer term, own capacity within the group for giving advice and carrying out active anti-discrimination work. The goal is to contribute to increasing the preconditions for the group’s own power and influence over the own conditions of life.

Impact: During the year, the systematic work carried out by the authority together with the group has included the following activities, among others:
  • Regional training of advisers/activists, where the participants have developed their own action plans for local own work in different parts of the country.
  • A special collaborative project concerning ..... building up capacity within the group for legal advice, with the long-term aim of developing the opportunities for the group independently to pursue important discrimination cases in the courts.
  • Further knowledge about the group’s experience of racism and discrimination has been gathered by the authority through the completion of two externally produced studies; one about discrimination of Afro-Swedes on the labour market and one about discrimination of adult Afro-Swedes.
During the year, DO has investigated and brought to court several cases concerning discrimination of Afro-Swedes. These cases show clearly the special discrimination and everyday racism experienced by the group.

The work surrounding discrimination with groups specially exposed to discrimination (hate crime) is based on the authority strategy of mutual knowledge development. This collaboration in turn will contribute to a change dynamic, both in relation to own power among those exposed and the deepened knowledge within the authority about the situation of the target group. This has led, among other things, to greater trust in the authority, increased reporting propensity and more cases, leading to a strengthened legal practice


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Muslim group and ethnic groups from the Middle East

Country: Sweden
Category: Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Equality Ombudsman (DO)
Level of implementation: National

Period: 2008

Summary: During 2008, DO has continued the work of strengthening Muslim groups and ethnic groups from the Middle East. From a discrimination perspective, a number of issues that are the same for both groups have been specially discussed during the year:

- Education. Discrimination in schools is a constantly present issue. This relates to harassment ..... and infringements, issues of school reports and the right to learn mother tongues.

- The issue of discrimination on the labour market and the housing market.


Impact: During 2008, three meetings were held with the Muslim group. Dialogue meetings were used to illuminate issues of principle character. During the year, the following special activities have been carried out together with the Muslim group. Pupils, staff and heads of Islamic schools in the country have been trained by DO as a result of the problems pupils ..... in these schools experience in terms of getting practical placements.

During the year, the authority has carried out special training courses together with Sweden’s Young Muslims (SUM), in order to increase the organization’s capacity for own work against discrimination. Do has also contributed to the formation of a trainer group within SUM, which is to work independently against discrimination. DO has contributed to the formation of a women’s group within the Muslim group. The group, Muslim Women Against Discrimination, is to counteract religious discrimination and work for integration and equality.

DO has also had dialogue meetings with the association Victims of Discrimination and the Islamic family Association concerning problems of structural character, among them the issue of school lunches for Muslim children and discrimination within the judicial system.

DO has had a reconciliation meeting with the Muslim group regarding the group’s collaboration with DO and the future work against discrimination.

During 2008, DO carried out two themed meetings with the ethnic Middle East group. The themes discussed were discrimination during the exercise of authority work: Labour exchange, social services, social insurance offices and the judicial system, and discrimination on the labour market. DO also arranged a full day training course with the group, where a number of key persons were trained as trainers to disseminate knowledge further into the group. A joint project group – based on the various groups – was also formed during the year, as well as a forum to inform and discuss discrimination. Together with DO, strategies for knowledge dissemination, training efforts and communication within the various organizations within the group were discussed.

The work surrounding discrimination with groups specially exposed to discrimination (hate crime) is based on the authority strategy of mutual knowledge development. This collaboration in turn will contribute to a change dynamic, both in relation to own power among those exposed and the deepened knowledge within the authority about the situation of the target group. This has led, among other things, to greater trust in the authority, increased reporting propensity and more cases, leading to a strengthened legal practice.



Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Education about the Holocaust, genocide and anti-Semitism for youth politicians

Country: Sweden
Category: Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Swedish Committee Against Antisemitism (SKMA) ; The International School for Holocaust Studies at Yad Vashem, Jerusalem
Level of implementation: National

Period: December 2007

Summary: Thirteen youth politicians participated in a training course (December 2007) about the Holocaust, genocide and anti-Semitism. The education covered: Lectures in Sweden on comparative studies of mass murder, anti-Semitism, Sweden's relationship with Nazi Germany and the Holocaust. The programme at Yad Vashem included lectures and workshops about the ..... Holocaust, genocide in Rwanda and anti-Semitism.

Impact: According to the evaluations: less tolerance towards anti-Semitism and a greater awareness of anti-Semitic tendencies which for instance may appear in connection with political events in the Middle East, better knowledge leads to better opportunities to present arguments against "the dark forces in society".


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Student trips to places where the Holocaust took place

Country: Sweden
Category: Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Swedish Committee Against Antisemitism (SKMA) and each school, church community
Level of implementation: Local ; National

Period: 2007-2008

Summary: In 2008, approximately 400 youths from eight schools and one church community, participated in study trips to Holocaust areas in Poland. The trips were preceded by lectures and seminars which included facts about the Holocaust and Jewish life in Poland before the Holocaust, and where an extensive discussion on the basic values of society and the individual's ..... personal responsibilities was taken up.

Impact: The students have increased their knowledge about the Holocaust and other forms of genocide. The ability to make own choices and take a stand against racism is strengthened through discussions on basic social values. In the long run, the new attitudes that young people have will influence the civilian society they find themselves in. As an example of ..... an effect, many student groups have collected facts, personal experiences and reflections in the form of exhibitions and presentations from other school students, parents and the general public.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Seminar series about "Extreme nationalism and the threat to democracy"

Country: Sweden
Category: Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Swedish Committee Against Antisemitism (SKMA)
Level of implementation: Regional ; National

Period: 2007-2008

Summary: The SKMA at five different places throughout the country held seminars on extreme nationalism for teachers, people who were responsible for integration within the municipalities, the police, political administrators and other interested parties. The programme provided lectures and workshops about, among other things, the change in attitude which extremist ..... groups in Swedish society have undergone, Sverigedemokraterna [sd political party], how the schools should deal with extremist opinions, anti-Semitism and historical revisionism. A total of 600 people participated.

Impact: To increase knowledge and awareness of various parties and extremist nationalist movements, their background and present operations, and in order to make the participants see how you can work with different counter strategies.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

A guide for the improvement of support to victims of homophobic crime

Country: Sweden
Category: Victim support

Initiator: National Police Board
Level of implementation: National

Period: 2004

Summary: This guide focuses on victims of homophobic crimes (so-called hate crimes) and is intended to help the police develop their support to such victims (see also IACP, 1999). The suggestions and advice presented in this guide are not intended to replace traditional crime-fighting practices - such as the application of the guidelines in the ‘Homicide Bible’ ..... or abiding by the routines for special events, the provisions of the Secrecy Act or the regulations pertaining to interviews with children – but should be seen as supplementary guidance meant to assist police officers in their everyday work.

The guide is primarily intended for police officers but it may also be of use to other officials in the criminal justice system, such as judges or prosecutors. It is particularly important that anyone working with these issues is aware of the questions that must be asked with a view to determining whether or not an incident is of a homophobic nature. As social services and medical staff often encounter these problems, they may also find the guide useful, as may also people working at crime victim support centres and women’s shelters.



Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Romska Tjejer i Fokus (Roma girls in focus)

Country: Sweden
Category: Victim support ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Training for criminal justice system ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives ; Other

Initiator: Stockholms Romska Kvinnors Rådgivningscenter (Stockholm Roma Women’s advice centre) and Sociala Kamrat Forum (Social Friend Forum), Allmänna Arvsfonden (State Inheritance Fund), Ungdomsstyrelsen (Swedish National Board for Youth Affairs), Länsstyrelsen Stockholm (The County Administrative Board, Stockholm), Socialstyrelsen (National Board of Health and Welfare)
Level of implementation: Local ; National ; Regional

Period: 1 January - 31 December 2008

Summary: We have had young Roma girls in focus in our work. The work has primarily been directed at hate crimes and discrimination and its prevention. Large parts have included the dissemination of information, lectures and network formation. Furthermore, a conscious goal has been to provide a sense of security for them along with confidence in the judicial ..... system. In addition to this, work has been carried out to prevent trafficking, marriage between children and honour-related violence. This shall relate to a Roma girls’ emergency service where the work shall continue to produce more information, lectures and a better understanding of the situation.

Impact: Security, more knowledge, awareness with both the authorities and the Roma girls about the problem and what actions are needed. The opening of an emergency service for Roma girls.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Preventive work with Roma

Country: Sweden
Category: Victim support ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Training for criminal justice system ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives ; Other

Initiator: Centralförbundet (Central Federation) Roma International, Brottofferjouren with Roma and Sinti people and UNGA RIMON (Young people of Roma and Immigrants against narcotics), DO, Brottoffermyndigheten, Socialstyrelsen
Level of implementation: Local ; National ; Regional

Period: 2008

Summary: Romska Riksförbund (The National Federation of Roma people) and associations took the initiative to start the project which shall also continue throughout 2009

The work has been specifically directed to the Roma group and to improve its knowledge on how to report a crime, preventive work, knowledge of witness protection and increased confidence ..... in the judicial system, some education in the judicial system etc. Limitations have nevertheless influenced the work as our financial support has not been sufficient. As regards the authorities, we have informed them of these situation with the Roma people and the hinders which have made it more difficult for them to file a report and also that there is a greater need of investments within education, information, brochures etc. in order to make the Roma people more aware and safe. Regarding the general public, we have presented information and organised lectures.

Impact: Increased knowledge, safety, daring to report a crime, to be able to distinguish between discrimination, hate crime, to dare to turn to the authorities, to improve on the authorities' understanding of the situation for the Roma people within the area.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report
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