Hate crime
        
Practices and initiatives undertaken to combat hate crimes - submitted for the ODIHR's annual Hate Crime Report
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    Items 1 - 20 of 54, format List, sorted by ID Next Last
Show Racism the Red Card

Country: Denmark
Category: Victim support

Initiator: The Danish Government.
Level of implementation: National

Summary: The Government allocated 3.5 mill. DKK (approximately 470.000 Euro) in 2006-2008 to the campaign: "Show Racism the Red Card". The campaign activities are designed to expose the fight against racism in the sports, in the cultural life and in society at large. The goal is for the project to help distribute information about positive side of diversity ..... in sport and cultural life and to combat myths, stereotypes and racism in society.

The Government has extended the funding by allocating another 3 million DKK (approximately 400.000 Euro) to the campaign in 2009-2011. The focus of the campaign will now be extended beyond the sphere of football and into other areas of culture life.

The campaign is known from other European countries, but the Danish campaign has a broader focus than racism in football, as the campaign includes a wide range of initiatives aimed towards schools and professional companies. Professional football players are widely engaged in the campaign as ambassadors for the campaign, visiting schools and debating racism and diversity with the pupils.


Website: http:/​/​www.stopracismen.dk/ (English)

Submitted for the 2009 Hate Crime Report

Action Plan to Promote Equal Treatment and Diversity and Combat Racism

Country: Denmark
Category: Victim support

Initiator: The Danish Government.
Level of implementation: National

Summary: In November 2003, the Danish Government launched its "Action Plan to Promote Equal Treatment and Diversity and Combat Racism". The action plan comprised of initiatives aimed at furthering dialogue and debate in civic society, to promote equal treatment and diversity, and to combat racism and build mutual understanding through improving perceptions of ..... and communication between citizens regardless of ethnicity.

All of the initiatives under the action plan have now been im-plemented, and a new and revised plan is to be released in 2010. As a follow-up to the action plan 2003, 10 million DKK (approximately 1.350.000 Euro) have been allocated in 2007-2010 for a grant established in order to support local activities and projects to promote equal treatment and combat discrimination. Financial support from this grant is given to projects promoting e.g. non-discriminatory opinion forming and education programmes on equal treatment and anti-discrimination.

In 2009, support from this grant has been given to 4 different projects, to be implemented in the years 2010-2011:
  • "Life in the Ghetto" - television features about the life of children living in the ghettos in Denmark. The features will be a part of programmes transmitted directly from libraries in Danish Libraries on a new nationwide broadcasting channel for children. On every programme, guests will comment on the features, which will touch upon topics like the wearing of headscarves, racism, religion, street gangs, friendships, language etc.
  • "Diversity and Civic Citizenship in Vocational Schools" - development of individually designed teaching modules with the purpose of giving the students at vocational schools a fundamental knowledge of discrimination and how to prevent it. The programme is inspired by a the project "The Cultural Navigators" developed by British Council.
  • "Focus on Discrimination in the Labour Market on the Basis of Ethnic Background" - education of trade unionists with the purpose of strengthening worker's rights in situations of discrimination.
  • "Teaching Module for an Education Programme about Civic Citizen-ship" - development of a teaching module for children attending lower secondary school on democratic participation and cohesion. The module will be distributed to schools nationwide.


See: Action Plan (only available in Danish)



Submitted for the 2009 Hate Crime Report

Action Plan for preventing extremist views and radicalization among young people

Country: Denmark
Category: Victim support

Initiator: The Danish Government.
Level of implementation: National

Summary: In January 2009, the Danish Government presented its Action Plan "A common and safe future - an Action Plan to prevent extremist views and radicalization among young people". The Action Plan comprises of seven main focus areas including 22 preventive initiatives. Hate crimes and degrading behavior towards minority groups may be part of an extremist ..... agenda and may on the other hand be a contributing factor to radicalization and extremism among those being victims of hate crime. The action plan is therefore - among other things - also focused on combating hate crimes.

The focus areas of the Action Plan are:
  • Direct contact with young people in order to reach and de-radicalize young people involved in or getting involved in extremism.
  • Inclusion based on rights and obligations with the focus on equal treatment, anti-discrimination and the responsibilities of young people and their parents as participating citizens.
  • Dialogue and information to counter myths among certain groups in Denmark and in Muslim countries about discrimination and Denmark's involvement in certain Muslim countries.
  • Democratic cohesion through e.g. courses in civic citizenship democracy and active participation.
  • Efforts in selected residential areas in order to reverse negative trends and to avoid isolation of certain groups in society.
  • Special initiatives in prisons and secured facilities e.g. better training of prison staff, teaching of democratic skills to prisoners and better training of imams working in prisons.
  • Knowledge, cooperation and partnerships in order to strengthen the knowledge base of the authorities as well as strengthen partnerships and exchange of experiences with central actors, nationally as well as internationally.
Almost all of the initiatives in the Action Plan are now in their imple-menting stage. A large scale evaluation has been planned to ensure a con-tinuous qualification of the effort and to measure the effect of the initiatives.

Network for school principals addressing democracy, education and ex-tremism

One initiative in the Action Plan is the establishment of a network for school principals to promote exchange of best practices concerning edu-cation on democracy and civic citizenship. Furthermore, the network shall also facilitate exchange of experiences on identifying and combat-ing extremism, intolerance and discrimination, including double dis-crimination in the form of mutual harassment and racism among students of different cultural, religious or ethnic backgrounds. The network is now in place, and the first meetings have been held.

Democratic platform for young Danes with different ethnic backgrounds.

Another initiative from the Action Plan is a democratic platform for young Danes with different cultural background involved in associations or networks that are engaged in democracy, civic citizenship or intercul-tural activities. This platform has been created in cooperation with The Danish Youth Council, and 14 young people have been elected for the platform at a national conference in February 2010. The aim of the democratic platform is, in particular, to target its activities towards young people who feel excluded from the democratic community and who are not involved in activities in associations and to council ministries and policymakers on issues like integration, inclusion and social cohesion. Members of the democratic platform will have an outgoing role and initiate new inclusive activities and engage young people in the democratic processes at various levels.


Publications: A common and safe future (English)
En falles og tryg fremtid (Danish)

Submitted for the 2009 Hate Crime Report

Programme for the Roma Community in Poland

Country: Poland
Category: National action plan

Initiator: Implemented by the Ministry of Interior and Administration as a co-ordinator

Summary: The Minister of Interior and Administration undertakes annual review of the Programme for the Roma Community in Poland implementation. Five years of the programme implementation gives basis for the claim that there is a gradual improvement in exercising the right to housing and employment as well as access to health service and social assistance.

The ..... state administration, territorial self-governments and the non-governmental organizations carry out within the Programme a wide spectrum of activities related to education, improvement of living and social conditions, counteracting unemployment, health, safety, sustaining Roma culture and identity, disseminating knowledge about the Roma population as well as popularizing civic awareness among Roma. In 2008, the funds for the Programme from the special reserve of the budget amounted to PLN 10 million.

Appropriate activities with the aim to support the actual equality in all areas of economic and social life between the persons belonging to the Roma minority and the persons belonging to the majority are also carried out within the programmes co-financed from the European Union resources. In 2008 the "Roma component" was launched within the Operational Programme Human Capital, and was allocated 12 million PLN (allocation for 2007-2013 is 22 million EUR). The activities undertaken within the Operational Programme Human Capital are envisaged to be complementary to the implementation of the Programme for the Roma Community in Poland. The projects carried out within the "Roma component" entail activities in the area of education, employment, social integration and health.


Impact: Social and vocational mobilization of the Roma population as well as enabling the members of this community to overcome their difficult situation and establish themselves in the job market.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Hate crime project in Stockholm/Hate Crime Emergency Centre

Country: Sweden
Category: Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Training for criminal justice system ; Victim support ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives ; Other

Initiator: Stockholm County Police
Level of implementation: Local

Period: 1 June 2007 – 8 December 2008

Summary: Goals of the project: Increase the propensity to report and personal clearing up of hate crimes; Develop competence within the authority to discover hate crimes; Increase the trust in the police among immigrants and within the LGBT movement.

The project has been run in the form of a hate crime emergency centre. An appointed coordinator has been ..... responsible for training initiatives internally and externally, and for collaboration groups.

See:
"Rapport citypolisens hatbrottsprojekt" ("Report of City Policy Hate Crime Project")
"Projektkontakt hatbrottsprojektet" ("Project Contacts for Hate Crime Project")


Impact:
- All hate crime investigation gathered in one place – legally secure and effective
- 12.4% personally cleared up crimes compared to 9% in rest of the country
- Propensity to report has increased
- Increased trust among the general public
- Other public authorities refer to the operation of the hate crime emergency centre = increased ..... trust in the work of the police
- Increased collaboration between different actors relating to hate crime
- Competence for discovering hate crime has increased (serial criminality)
- Changed attitude among staff

See:
"En utvärdering av hatbrottsprojektet i Stockholm city polismästardistrikt" ("An Evaluation of the Hate Crime Project in the Stockholm City Chief Commissioner District").



Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

A strategy for police work with issues linked to racism, xenophobia and homophobic crime

Country: Sweden

Initiator: National Police Board
Level of implementation: National

Period: 1999-2000

Summary: As a stage in the fight against crime with racist, xenophobic or homophobic features, the National Police Board shall draw up a strategy to ensure that staff have good knowledge about the grounds for these crimes and about the situation of the groups exposed to them. Some key areas are identified where efforts are required in order to achieve an effective ..... result.

Examples of such key areas are:
- Commitment from the leadership
- Clear responsibility for the strategy
- Recruitment of staff
- Basic training
- Further training
- Better utilization of knowledge and experience already existing among current staff

See: "Strategi för Polisens arbete med frågor som har anknytning till rasism, främlingsfientlighet och homofobiska brott" ("A strategy for police work with issues linked to racism, xenophobia and homophobic crime")



Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Project to encourage citizens, providers and moderators to report to the police on their observations of suspicious material on Internet

Country: Finland
Category: Addressing incitement of hatred on the internet


Summary: Hate speech on the Internet is a continuing problem all over the world. The legislation in Finland makes it possible to intervene, when one is spreading unlawful material on internet using a Finnish server or computer located in Finland. However the main challenge of combating racism and hate crimes on the Internet is that the Internet is worldwide ..... and the authorities have territorial jurisdiction. The international legal assistance and co-operation between authorities is crucial. There have been many successful efforts combating racism on Internet in co-operation between the competent authorities and relevant organisations. For example in Finland the police have started a project to encourage citizens, providers and moderators to report to the police on their observations of suspicious material on Internet.

In May 2008, the court convicted 2 perpetrators because of several aggravated defamations, ethnic agitation (or "incitement to hatred") and breach of the sanctity of the religion. The crimes were committed on the Internet. The perpetrators provided and maintained several blogs and websites available for the public. Those included false information, innuendoes, slanders concerning different persons and national, ethnic, racial or religious groups. One was sentenced to imprisonment for 2 years and 4 months (unconditional imprisonment) and the other perpetrator for 1 year and 2 months (conditional imprisonment). The court ordered blogs and websites to be shut down and removed. The court’s decision has been appealed to the higher court and therefore the decision is not final yet. This is not the first judgment in such cases in Finland but comparing the court decision with Finnish legal praxis it gives a significant signal to society that hate speech is not acceptable in any forms in Finland.
See also National action plan



Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Federal programme "Kompetent für Demokratie – Beratungsnetzwerke gegen Rechtsextremismus" (Competent for democracy - advisory networks for combating right-wing extremism).

Country: Germany
Category: Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Federal Government (Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth)
Level of implementation: National

Summary: To supplement the programme "VIELFALT TUT GUT" (EMBRACING DIVERSITY), the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth launched another federal programme "Kompetent. für Demokratie – Beratungsnetzwerke gegen Rechtsextremismus" (Competent for democracy – advisory networks for combating right-wing extremism). This programme ..... focuses on event-based intervention against right-wing extremism. The Federal Länder are setting up nationwide advisory networks that put together mobile intervention teams in acutely threatening situations that have a right-wing extremist, xenophobic or anti-Semitic background. These teams provide immediate and professional advice on the spot. Promotion of the nationwide establishment of advisory networks and mobile intervention teams began in eastern Germany and Berlin in 2007 and was gradually expanded to western Germany. EUR 5 million is earmarked in the federal budget for this programme each year.

Impact: Promotion of nationwide consulting networks

Website: http:/​/​www.kompetent​-fuer​-demokratie.de (English)

Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Series of lectures and theme days - "Victims of crimes with xenophobic motives" and "Prejudice and phobias"

Country: Sweden
Category: Training for criminal justice system ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Brottsoffermyndigheten (The Swedish Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority)
Level of implementation: Local ; Regional ; National

Period: May 2009 -

Summary: In close liaison with the running of the project "Victims of hate crimes - what has been done and what can be improved?" (see above), the Crime Victim Compensation and Support Authority has provided education within the area where hate crime was one of the subjects dealt with. These efforts were carried out in the form of half-day lectures and three ..... theme days which were arranged in Malmö, Umeå and Gothenburg. The lecture series and theme days were aimed at professionals and university students within the police and others within the judiciary system, the social services, the health care services, the schools and preschools, those working within non-profit organisations along with journalists and politicians. The lecturers who participated consisted mainly of researchers and representatives from authorities. The lecturers spoke on subjects such as discrimination from the perspective of the victims - experiences from DO (Discrimination Ombudsman - Ombudsman against Ethnic Discrimination), the judiciary system's meeting with the LGBT group as victims and the judiciary system's work with racist crimes.

Brottsoffermyndigheten will continue its efforts to educate people with hate crimes as the theme. During the autumn 2009, lectures on hate crimes will be held in Gothenburg for example.

Under the following links, you can find programmes relating to a lecture series and three theme days arranged by the Swedish National Crime Prevention Authority about hate crime, among other subjects:

http://www.brottsoffermyndigheten.se/Sidor/EPT/Kalendarium/PDF/Malmo%20serie%20varen%202006.pdf

http://www.brottsoffermyndigheten.se/Sidor/EPT/Kalendarium/PDF/Umea%20Fordomar%20och%20fobier%2013%20okt%202006.pdf

http://www.brottsoffermyndigheten.se/Sidor/EPT/Kalendarium/PDF/Program%20F%C3%B6rdomar%20o%20Fobier%20Gbg.pdf

http://www.brottsoffermyndigheten.se/Sidor/EPT/Kalendarium/PDF/Malm%C3%B6%20F%C3%B6rdomar%20och%20fobier%202%20okt%202007.pdf


Impact: The purpose of the educations was to heighten the awareness of, among other things, hate crime and inspire people to carry on more intensive discussions, to produce stronger counter forces and increased professionalism in the places were events are organised and in the long run throughout the whole of Sweden.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Annual hate crime seminar

Country: Sweden
Category: Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Training for criminal justice system

Initiator: Värmland County Police
Level of implementation: Local

Period: Annually

Summary: Joint seminars/lectures with the Prosecution Authority, District Court, Corrective Treatment Service (and Värmland County Police).

Impact: Joint view, joint platform, unified attitude towards the general public, development of collaboration.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Stockholm Pride

Country: Sweden
Category: Other ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors

Initiator: Skåne County Police
Level of implementation: National

Period: Five days [2008]

Summary: The authority participated with representatives at the Pride Festival in Stockholm.

Impact: Gathering information and ideas for the authority’s local hate crime work


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Project within the European Social Fund, survey of all staff within the Skåne County Police

Country: Sweden
Category: Other ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Victim support ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Level of implementation: Local

Period: Around 4 months [2008]

Summary: The authority carried out a survey to investigate the level of knowledge concerning hate crime among police staff. The project is financed by money from the European Social Fund, and will result in a further application for funds to carry out training concerning hate crime, honour violence and violence within close relationships, for all police staff.

Impact: Through directed initiatives aimed at police in external service and investigators, improved investigation and proceedings of this type of cases is expected.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Participation in the Rainbow Festival in Malmö (3 days)

Country: Sweden
Category: Other ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Victim support ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Skåne County Police
Level of implementation: Regional

Period: 3 days [2008]

Summary: At the Rainbow Festival, the authorities participated with a workshop at which we told about the police’s work with hate crime. The title was "Våga fråga" ("Dare to Ask"). The audience had the opportunity to ask questions, and lively discussion arose. The aim was to inform the general public about the work carried out by the authority in relation ..... to hate crime and the difficulties that exist in discovering LGBT-related hate crime.

The authority also participated on the opening and closing days with information tables with varied material. The Hate Crime Manager and the Diversity and Equality Manager, as well as uniformed officers participated and told about the police’s work in relation to hate crime, and also answered questions from the public.


Impact: By informing the LGBT group about the difficulties experienced by the police in discovering LGBT-related hate crime, the authority hopes that the group gets increased knowledge and can discuss the issue among themselves, and become better at notifying the police of the motive in any reports.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Hate crime lecture from Anneli Svensson

Country: Sweden
Category: Other ; Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Victim support

Initiator: Skåne County Police
Level of implementation: Regional

Period: 27 October 2008

Summary: On 27 October 2008, Anneli Svensson visited the authority and trained police employees about hate crime. The project was financed by funds from the Crime Victim Fund.

Impact: Increase knowledge and understanding of hate crime and thus discover more hate crimes.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Is hate crime a "soft issue"?

Country: Sweden
Category: Strengthening data collection ; Increasing reporting of hate crimes/community confidence ; Strengthening the response of law enforcement and prosecutors ; Training for criminal justice system ; Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives

Initiator: Skåne County Police
Level of implementation: Regional

Period: 24 October 2007

Summary: On 24 October 2007, the Skåne County Police, at the initiative of County Chief Commissioner Eva Årestad Radner, arranged a hate crime conference for internal and external participants, with lecturers such as Eva Tiby, Anneli Svensson, Elisabeth Ohlson Wallin and others.

Impact: The conference was much appreciated and got high marks in the subsequent evaluation. The aim of the conference was to increase understanding and knowledge about hate crime. Facts and statistics were combined with the sensitive images of the artist Elisabeth Ohlson Wallin, which produced a very successful effect.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Government grants for voluntary organizations or foundations that want to carry out operations which counteract racism or similar forms of intolerance.

Country: Sweden
Category: Other

Initiator: Ungdomsstyrelsen (National Board for Youth Affairs)
Level of implementation: Local ; National ; Regional

Period: Ongoing

Summary: The purpose of the government grant is to support operations that prevent and counteract racism and similar forms of intolerance, such as for example: Islamophobia, Afrophobia, anti-Semitism, antigypsyism and homophobia.

The National Board for Youth Affairs allocated a total of SEK 9 292 000 throughout 2008. Non-profit associations and foundations, ..... which are not owned or run by the state, the municipalities or profit-making organisations can apply. Support cannot be given to individuals, a municipality, companies or government organisations.


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Hate Crime – A report on the situation and development of hate crime in Iceland and within the OSCE member countries.

Country: Iceland
Category: Other


Summary: The report is an overview of the work that the OSCE has been carrying out since the Ministerial Council agreed the Tolerance and Non-Discrimination decision nr. 4/13 in Maastricht in 2003. The report briefly elaborates on what happened in December 2003 at the Ministerial meeting, it also has an in depth chapter about the definition of hate crime as ..... well as the problem that member countries are faced with regarding registration and evaluation of the current status in each country.

The report covers the responsibility that the National Commissioner of the Icelandic Police has as National Point of Contact for Hate Crimes. There is a summary of the discussions and decision that were taken at the meeting of the National Point of Contacts in Helsinki 16.-17th June 2008. Hate crime in other Nordic countries is something that Icelanders consider to be an important indicator of what might happen in Iceland in the coming years. Therefore there is a summary of the situation in the Nordic countries which is mainly based on ODIHR annual reports on Hate Crime.

There is a chapter about the legislation in Iceland, Police data and Non-governmental organisations. The final chapter makes certain recommendations. Some of these recommendations include longer sentences for those who commit hate crime, change to the constitution, amendments to the General Penal Code, more rigid recording of hate crime, increase awareness among Police officers, employees in the Judiciary system etc.

See: Hate crime : a report on the situation and development of hate crime in Iceland and within the OSCE member countries (in Icelandic)



Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

International Network against Hate Crime

Country: Germany
Category: European networking ; Addressing incitement of hatred on the internet

Initiator: UK: London Probation Service; Germany: Nordverbund, Uni Bremen, Federal Agency for Civic Education.
Level of implementation: International

Summary: Series of conferences and exchange platform for European experts in the field social education for offenders in the area of hate crime. Implemented internationally (UK, DE, NL).

Impact: Scientific exchange between experts


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

SKMA blog

Country: Sweden
Category: Education/prevention/awareness-raising initiatives ; Addressing incitement of hatred on the internet

Initiator: Swedish Committee Against Antisemitism (SKMA)
Level of implementation: National

Period: Ongoing

Summary: The establishment of a blog where SKMA meets and informs people about anti-Semitic manifestations

Impact: Spread information, counteract anti-Semitism, create an open debate, reach new groups


Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report

Hotline Dyzurnet.pl

Country: Poland
Category: Addressing incitement of hatred on the internet

Initiator: The hotline was created by the Research and Academic Computer Network in agreement with the European Commission under the framework of the Safer Internet Action Plan.
Level of implementation: National

Summary: Dyzurnet.pl receives notifications concerning illegal contents in the Internet (among other racist and xenophobic contents). The tasks of the team include, among others, analysis of the contents indicated by users, preparation of technical documentation, submission of the information to the Police, public prosecutor’s office and Internet administrators ..... or to foreign contact points within the INHOPE association. Notifications can be submitted on-line anonymous.

Impact: Working on preliminary conclusions and recommendations related to this issues

Website: http:/​/​www.dyzurnet.pl/​en (English)

Submitted for the 2008 Hate Crime Report
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